Framework for Decision-Making: Implementation of Mass Vaccination Campaigns in the Context of COVID-19   [open pdf - 360KB]

From the Background: "Mass vaccination campaigns to prevent or respond to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases and high impact diseases (VPD/HID) are effective strategies to reduce deaths and disease. Yet many countries have had to postpone such vaccination campaigns due to the physical distancing measures implemented to reduce COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] transmission. For countries affected by both VPD/HID and COVID-19 outbreaks, determining the best course of action may be challenging. Weighing the benefits of a safe and effective intervention that reduces mortality and morbidity against the risks of increasing transmission of a new disease that may burden essential health services can be complex. The starting point for such considerations is a risk-benefit analysis that reviews in detail the epidemiological evidence and weighs the short- and medium-term public health consequences of implementing or postponing mass vaccination campaigns, weighed against a potential increase in COVID-19 transmission. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, this document: I. outlines a common framework for decision-making for the conduct of preventive and outbreak response campaigns; II. offers principles to consider when deliberating the implementation of mass vaccination campaigns for prevention of increased risk of VPD/HID among susceptible populations; and III. details the risks and benefits of conducting vaccination campaigns to respond to VPD/HID outbreaks."

2020 World Health Organization. Posted here with permission. Document is under a Creative Commons license and requires proper attribution and noncommercial use to be shared: [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/igo/]
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World Health Organization: https://www.who.int/
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