From the Document: "Safer at home policies - also known as 'shelter in place' or 'stay at home' orders - direct residents to remain in their homes unless they are engaging in 'essential' activities. The county or state designates essential activities for which residents may leave their homes. These activities typically include food shopping, doctor's visits, buying medical supplies, buying supplies to work from home, working in an 'essential' business or exercising at least six feet away from others. Residents who are especially vulnerable to COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] are encouraged and sometimes mandated not to leave their homes at all. The purpose of these policies is to reduce the spread of COVID-19, preserve critical and limited healthcare capacities in counties and prevent the healthcare system from being overwhelmed by patients. Safer at home policies aim to prevent new clusters of the disease from forming by closing businesses and areas where people tend to congregate and where the virus could easily spread."
National Association of Counties
National Association of Counties: https://www.naco.org/