CDC Activities and Initiatives Supporting the COVID-19 Response and the President's Plan for Opening America Up Again [May 26, 2020] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Document: "The principal objectives of COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] surveillance are to monitor the spread and intensity of the pandemic, to enable contact tracing to slow transmission, and to identify disease clusters requiring special intervention. Secondary objectives include understanding the severity and spectrum of disease, identifying risk factors for and methods of preventing infection, and producing data essential for forecasting. In addition to tracking the disease itself, monitoring of healthcare capacity and essential supplies through the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) is critical to ensure adequacy of care. [...] Widespread community mitigation combined with ongoing containment activities represents both an effective intervention for limiting the spread of COVID-19 and a serious threat to the economic well-being of the country and the world."
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/