From the Overview: "Governments around the world are designing and implementing rapid responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. In this effort, they are faced with three extraordinary challenges: (1) a public health emergency to contain the virus including identifying and treating infected populations; (2) widespread food and livelihood insecurity due to mandated stoppage of economic activity and the resulting disruption of food supplies; and (3) adoption of emergency powers to address the crises and maintain public safety. Corruption risks, present in government responses to all these challenges and heightened by the scale and speed of the emergency, undermine the effectiveness of responses. The strains placed on the public sector in responding to emergencies present enormous opportunities for corruption to flourish. Corruption can lead to theft, waste and misuse of scarce resources, resulting in unnecessary suffering and death. It can also entrench elite privilege and inequality and undermine institutions of accountability with lasting consequences. Governments face the additional challenge of maintaining continuity in core functions while dealing with these exceptional circumstances."
World Bank Group
World Bank Group: https://www.worldbank.org/