From the Document: "The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers a suite of programs that assists farmers and ranchers with recovering from a natural disaster. Most of these programs are permanently authorized and receive funding from mandatory sources. In recent years, Congress has supplemented these programs with additional assistance, often referred to as ad hoc assistance. In 2018, USDA created the Wildfires and Hurricanes Indemnity Program (WHIP) to implement the bulk of this ad hoc assistance. USDA has implemented two versions of WHIP along with multiple subprograms and block grants to states. This In Focus provides an overview of WHIP and its components."
CRS In Focus, IF11539
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/