From the Update: "On May 7, 2020, a unanimous Supreme Court threw out the federal fraud convictions of two former New Jersey officials whose politically motivated scheme redirected access to toll lanes on the George Washington Bridge between New Jersey and New York leading to gridlock. The federal fraud statutes at issue condemn schemes to obtain money or property. The High Court concluded that the 'property' envisioned does not include a governmental entity's interest in the regulatory allocation of its resources, such as access to lanes on its toll bridges; nor does it include the value of the services of public employees whose efforts are incidental to implementing such a regulatory choice. As the Supreme Court reasoned, '[t]o rule otherwise would undercut [the] Court's oft-repeated instruction: Federal prosecutors may not use property fraud statutes to set standards of disclosure and good government for local and state officials.'"
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10326
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/