From the Document: "Each country faces unique challenges in addressing the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic. India's relatively low healthcare resources, limited state capacity, and large population of poor people, many of whom are already burdened with other health issues, pose challenges on every dimension. Even washing hands, for example, is not easily accomplished when hundreds of millions of people do not have access to piped water or soap. The present policy of a countrywide lockdown has imposed enormous stress on the poorest Indians. Arguably, without severe measures like the lockdown, matters could be even worse, as Indian hospitals were already overcrowded and doctors overworked, and a large number of COVID-19 patients would collapse the healthcare system. Also, testing at a large scale is difficult given current capacity, and social distancing and isolation are difficult given India's low per capita living space and its tradition of intergenerational household units."
George Mason University, Mercatus Center
Mercatus Center: https://www.mercatus.org/