Export Controls: State and Commerce Should Improve Guidance and Outreach to Address University-Specific Compliance Issues, Report to Congressional Requesters [open pdf - 3MB]
From the Document: "Although foreign students and scholars contribute to U.S. research, there is a risk that they will 'export' sensitive knowledge they gain to their home countries. To mitigate this risk, the U.S. government implements export controls. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review agency guidance and universities' security practices. This report examines (1) the extent to which State and Commerce have provided guidance and outreach that supports U.S. universities' understanding of export control regulations; (2) challenges U.S. universities face working with other federal agencies, such as DOD; and (3) the extent to which universities' export compliance practices align with State and Commerce guidelines."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/