From the Document: "The Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Public Assistance (PA) program provides financial assistance to states, tribes, and territories when authorized as part of an emergency or major disaster declaration by the President. PA's broad scope includes assistance for urgent response undertaken immediately before or after a hazard strikes, as well as long-term recovery assistance completed years later. PA was authorized in every U.S. state, territory, and the District of Columbia over the past decade. If authorized, a state, tribe, or territory becomes the PA primary grant Recipient. State, tribal, territorial, and local governments, as well as eligible nonprofit entities, may then apply for funding. Applicants must submit a request for grant funds to the PA primary grant Recipient, which evaluates the potential eligibility with FEMA. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act, P.L. 93-288, as amended) authorizes FEMA to reimburse not less than 75% of the eligible costs of specific types of disaster response and recovery work undertaken by eligible applicants. FEMA may recommend an increase of the federal cost share in extraordinary cases."
CRS In Focus, IF11529
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/