National Preparedness Additional Actions Needed to Address Gaps in the Nation's Emergency Management Capabilities, Report to Congressional Requesters [open pdf - 5MB]
From the Document: "FEMA uses the National Preparedness System to help assess the nation's emergency management capabilities in preparing for disasters and, in part, to help prioritize federal preparedness grants it provides to state and local jurisdictions. Since 2002, FEMA has provided over $52 billion in such grants intended to enhance preparedness capabilities. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to examine national preparedness. This report examines the extent to which: (1) FEMA's National Preparedness System and associated preparedness grants have assisted jurisdictions in preparing for disasters; (2) FEMA has strengthened the National Preparedness System and what steps remain; and (3) FEMA is using after-action reports to identify lessons learned and strengthen future preparedness. GAO evaluated agency guidance, analyzed 2013 to 2017 capability data--the most current available; conducted site visits to five states; and interviewed FEMA, state, and local emergency management officials."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/