From the Document: "The Hatch Act (the Act) is a federal law that regulates the partisan political activities of most executive branch employees as well as certain state and local employees. The statute seeks to balance the government's interest in an efficient and impartial workforce with employees' rights to participate in the political process. This In Focus provides an overview of the law, including its origins, its current scope, and what activities are prohibited under the Act."
CRS In Focus, IF11512
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/