Impact of Covid-19 Measures on Democracy, the Rule of Law and Fundamental Rights in the EU [open pdf - 235KB]
From the Introduction: "The dramatic spread of the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic in Europe has led Member States to adopt a series of emergency measures in an effort to contain the virus as quickly and effectively as possible. A wide majority of EU governments have resorted to 'emergency powers' to radically limit internal and international travels, carry out sanitary controls, close schools and universities, shops and public places, confine persons at home, hereby drastically limiting individual freedom of movement and assembly. Contact tracing, location tracking and data analysis measures having an impact on privacy and data protection standards are being developed and implemented through apps and big data processing. Fines and prison sanctions are introduced, increased and applied against persons for violation of restrictive measures. The right to apply for asylum is suspended all over Europe, detained persons suffer restrictive measures in relation to visits, while vulnerable categories are exposed to risks of discriminations and violence. The justice systems are suspended in many countries, with deadlines postponed. According to critics, some governments have used the emergency situation as an excuse to propose and approve controversial pieces of legislation that jeopardise freedom of expression, or are unrelated with the fight against Covid-19."
2020 European Union. Posted here with permission. Documents are for personal use only and not for commercial profit.
European Parliament: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/