From the Overview: "Libya's 2011 uprising and conflict brought Muammar al Qadhafi's four decades of authoritarian rule to an end. Competing factions and alliances--organized along local, regional, ideological, tribal, and personal lines--have jockeyed for influence and power in post-Qadhafi Libya, at times with the backing of rival foreign governments. In 2018, Ghassan Salamé, then-Special Representative of the U.N. Secretary-General (SRSG) and head of the U.N. Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), argued that Libyans were struggling to overcome a political 'discourse of hatred' and 'mutual exclusion' that had prevented the completion of the country's transition to date. This discourse is in part a legacy of Qadhafi's decades of divisive rule and in part a product of the divisiveness, insecurity, and zero-sum competition that have followed his downfall."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33142
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/