Patterns of Military Activity in the Battle Against the Coronavirus: Lessons for Israel from Other Nations [open pdf - 0B]
From the Document: "A survey of the involvement of democratic nations' militaries in the anti-coronavirus campaign identifies five, escalating levels of action: (A) logistical and medical support for agencies serving civilians; (B) transfer of military supplies and equipment to civilian networks; (C) assistance to police forces in maintaining order; (D) assumption of operative responsibility for the management of individual civilian networks; (E) direct management of the entire system of governance. The IDF [Israel Defense Forces] is required to assist the country's civilians in accordance with the political echelon's directives at levels A through C, employing its many capabilities as circumstances evolve, with the Homefront Command spearheading the effort. Any shift among levels deepens friction with civilians, and hence mandates extreme caution and sensitivity. A shift to Level D, under circumstances of an acute immediate threat to public health (an example being the situation in Bnei Brak) would constitute a significant escalation, demanding careful deliberation. A shift to Level E should be considered only in mass-disaster conditions, and hinge on a decision by a comprehensive apparatus that commands a high level of public legitimacy - a framework that does not exist in Israeli law and experience."
INSS Insight No. 1300; Institute for National Security Studies Insight No. 1300
Institute for National Security Studies
Institute for National Security Studies: https://www.inss.org.il/