From the Document: "At least 42 U.S. states have issued emergency orders directing residents to 'stay at home,' with many states prohibiting gatherings of various sizes to control the spread of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). California's March 19th stay-at-home order effectively banned public gatherings outside of 'critical' sectors and 'essential' services. New York's March 23rd order 'canceled or postponed' 'non-essential gatherings of individuals of any size for any reason (e.g. parties, celebrations or other social events),' with a maximum penalty of $1,000 for violations added in a later order. Maryland's March 30th order prohibited '[s]ocial, community, spiritual, religious, recreational, leisure, and sporting gatherings and events . . . of more than 10 people,' with willful violators facing up to a year imprisonment and/or a maximum fine of $5,000. Texas's March 31st order directed residents to 'minimize social gatherings' except 'where necessary to provide or obtain' designated 'essential services.' In late March, some lawmakers called on the President to issue a temporary, nationwide shelter-in-place order."
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10451
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/