Italy's Coronavirus Experience and the Challenge by Extreme Crises to Liberal Democracies [open pdf - 0B]
From the Document: "Last September, the Global Preparedness Monitoring Board warned that the chances of a global pandemic were growing, and the world was 'dangerously' underprepared to cope with such an emergency. Two months later, in Wuhan, China the Coronavirus outbreak began. [...] In Europe, Italy became the worst-affected country. But, while what has happened there is partially due to some specific features and circumstances, it would be a mistake to think that the country is an exception. Italy is just ahead of the curve compared to what many more countries will also face in the coming weeks. Many of the difficulties that Italy has faced in coping with the Coronavirus are based in the features of pluralist, democratic systems: the impossibility of imposing quick top-down solutions, the need to build consensus over decisions, and the need to strike a balance between security and freedom. At the same time, this crisis has the potential to undermine most of the inner foundations of these systems if it is not handled carefully."
German Marshall Fund of the United States
German Marshall Fund of the United States: http://www.gmfus.org/