Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008: Security Assistance Restrictions [Updated March 25, 2020] [open pdf - 463KB]
From the Document: "The recruitment and use of children in armed conflict is broadly viewed as a human rights problem, a form of trafficking in persons, among the worst forms of child labor, and a war crime. The United Nations (U.N.) has identified the recruitment and use of child soldiers as among six 'grave violations' affecting children in war and has established numerous monitoring and reporting mechanisms and initiatives to combat this practice. The U.N. Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict affirmatively verified over 7,000 children as having been recruited and used as soldiers in 2018 alone; the total number of children serving as soldiers around the world is believed to be significantly higher. U.S. efforts to eradicate this phenomenon internationally are guided largely by the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA, Title IV of P.L. 110-457), which defines the term 'child soldier' under U.S. law and restricts certain security assistance to countries that recruit or use child soldiers, among other provisions."
CRS In Focus, IF10901
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/