Mental Health and Behavioral Guidelines for Preparedness and Response to Coronavirus and Other Emerging Infectious Outbreaks   [open pdf - 224KB]

From the Document: "Several global infectious disease outbreaks, such as Coronavirus (COVID-19), can help inform psychological and behavioral responses to these events as well as appropriate interventions. [...] Like many crisis and disaster events, pandemics result in a predictable range of distress reactions (insomnia, decreased perceptions of safety, anxiety), health risk behaviors (increased use of alcohol and tobacco, work/life imbalance manifested by extreme over-dedication in the workplace to alleviate distress), and may also result in psychiatric disorders, such as PTSD [post-traumatic stress disorder], depression, and anxiety. Infectious outbreaks have unique characteristics that increase fear and uncertainty, due to the imperceptibility of the infectious agent, uncertainty about infection, and early stage symptoms that are often easily mistaken for more well-known, benign illnesses. As a result, pandemics manifest unique individual and community responses, including scapegoating and blaming, fear of infection, and high levels of somatic (physical) symptoms. Community response to outbreaks is governed by perception of risk (not actual risk) with a variety of factors impacting community distress, including: fear of infection, concerns about adequate supplies and efficacy of prophylactic and treatment medications, and the emergence of pathogens that are difficult to detect or treat, spread in novel ways, or cause unfamiliar or extreme symptoms will increase community distress."

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Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress: https://www.cstsonline.org/
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