From the Document: "A federal grand jury has indicted four members of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) for hacking into the Equifax computer system and stealing the personal identifying information of 'nearly 150 million Americans.' The indictments charge offenses under federal wire fraud, computer intrusion, economic espionage, and conspiracy laws. Attorney General Barr's statement announcing the indictment noted that 80% of federal economic espionage prosecutions have implicated the Chinese government. The indictment presents a partial view of the criminal law consequences that may attend a mass data breach, but the indictment is likely designed for purposes other than eventual prosecution."
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10417
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/