Border Interoperability Demonstration Project: Study on Rural and Urban Area Interoperability Solutions Along and Across International Borders [open pdf - 602KB]
From the Introduction: "Interoperable communications is a fundamental challenge to all public safety agencies. Border communities face additional challenges due to technical, operational, and policy differences on both sides of the border. The 5,500 miles of U.S.-Canadian border and the nearly 2,000 miles of U.S.-Mexican border offer a diverse array of geographies, languages, and operating environments that pose unique challenges to the federal, state, local, and tribal responders operating in the regions. Furthermore, border community populations vary widely from sparsely populated rural areas and towns to more densely populated cities and metropolitan hubs. Population density impacts the types of interoperable solutions that will be most effective for a particular community. The Border Interoperability Demonstration Project (BIDP), a one-time grant administered by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Emergency Communications (OEC), identified innovative solutions for improving interoperable communications along and across the border. One of BIDP's project objectives specifically focused on border communities of varying population densities to ensure that selected recipients included both rural and urban areas."
U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency: https://www.cisa.gov/