From the Background: "The 'Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans' ('School Guide') defines school climate as 'a range of campus conditions, including safety, relationships and engagement, and the environment, that may influence student learning and well-being' (p. 53). School climate is important because its effects are far-reaching. Studies reveal that a supportive and prosocial school climate is positively correlated with a number of traits, including student motivation, feelings of connectedness and engagement with school, student self-esteem, decreased absenteeism, and reduced bullying and harassment. School climate has also been shown to have positive impacts on academic performance, going so far as to mitigate the negative impact of a socioeconomic environment. In schools with positive climates, students are more likely to feel connected to adults and their peers. Such a connection fosters a nurturing environment where students are more likely to succeed, feel safe, and report threats. School climate is determined by a number of factors, including staff and student relationships, perceptions of physical and emotional safety by students, the learning environment, and disciplinary policies."
Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools Technical Assistance Center: https://rems.ed.gov/