ABSTRACT

Preventing School Violence: Plenary Papers of the 1999 Conference on Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation--Enhancing Policy and Practice Through Research, Volume 2   [open pdf - 249KB]

From the Foreword: "Sociologist Joseph Sheley, who has written extensively on the explosive nexus of youth, violence, and firearms, first puts school violence in perspective by demonstrating that it occurs much less often than in communities where students live, but that, on the other hand, weapons carrying by young people is not uncommon and guns are easy to obtain. Perhaps one of the most important research findings he notes is that the prime motive for carrying weapons is fear. To be sure, schools are taking steps to lower the risk of weapon-related incidents, but whether they choose techniques that have had a record of success is unknown. Ron Prinz offers the insights of psychology, persuasively arguing that because problem behavior stems from prior maladjustment, prevention has to be considered from a 'developmental' perspective--by analyzing what gives rise to that behavior. Prevention requires understanding and changing social environments more so than targeting specific individuals. Finally, public health psychiatrist Sheppard Kellam uses his decades-long work in Chicago and Baltimore to illustrate the imperative of community involvement in designing prevention programs. The papers convincingly demonstrate that preventing school violence is not the exclusive preserve of the criminal justice community. The resources of multiple research-based disciplines--whether their province is human behavior or the workings of the mind or community health--need to be tapped to find the path to an enduring solution."

Report Number:
NCJ 180972; National Criminal Justice 180972
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2000-05
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
National Criminal Justice Reference Center: https://www.ncjrs.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
Source:
1999 Conference on Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation. Washington D.C.
URL:
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