Arctic Capabilities: Coast Guard is Taking Steps to Address Key Challenges, but Additional Work Remains, Statement of Marie A. Mak, Director, Contracting and National Security Acquisitions, Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Maritime Security, Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives [open pdf - 406KB]
From the GAO [Government Accountability Office] Highlights: "The Coast Guard--a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)--is a multimission, maritime military service that is responsible for maritime safety and national security, among other missions. Given the Arctic region's expansive maritime domain, the Coast Guard plays a significant role in Arctic policy implementation and enforcement. The Coast Guard is also the sole provider and operator of the U.S. polar icebreaking fleet-- a critical component in ensuring year-round access to the Arctic. The Coast Guard is developing the first of three heavy polar icebreakers-- the Polar Security Cutter--it has acquired in over 40 years. This statement addresses (1) the Coast Guard's assessment of capability gaps in the region, and (2) key risks facing the Polar Security Cutter acquisition. This statement is primarily based on GAO's June 2016 report examining capability gaps in the Arctic and its September 2018 report examining the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker acquisition."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/