Defense Primer: Senior Reserve Officer Training Corps [Updated December 27, 2019] [open pdf - 445KB]
From the Background: "The Senior Reserve Officer Training Corps (SROTC)--more commonly referred to as the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC)--is an officer training and scholarship program for postsecondary students authorized under Chapter 103 of Title 10 United States Code. By enrolling in ROTC, students can pursue an undergraduate degree while also training to become U.S. military officers. The military departments--Army, Air Force, and Navy--manage their own ROTC programs, which are hosted at civilian universities and colleges. The Navy ROTC program includes a Marine Corps option. The Coast Guard, part of the Department of Homeland Security, does not have an ROTC program, but does offer a College Student PreCommissioning Initiative (CSPI) that awards scholarships to students at minority-serving institutions and placement in the Coast Guard Officer Candidate School. The military departments provide scholarships and other forms of financial assistance to participating students. In return, students commit to accept an appointment as an officer in the U.S. military upon graduation. The ROTC program is the largest single source of commissioned officers, producing over 6,000 officers annually."
CRS In Focus, IF11235
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/