Health Care Workforce: Views on Expanding Medicare Graduate Medical Education Funding to Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants, Report to Congressional Committees [open pdf - 461KB]
From the Highlights: "An adequate, well-trained health care provider workforce is essential to ensure Americans have access to quality health care services. However, studies have shown the United States faces a shortage of physicians, making it increasingly difficult for people to access needed health care. Experts have identified ways to address this shortage, such as through strategies that increase the number of other types of non-physician providers, including NPs [nurse practitioners] and PAs [physician assistants]. For example, members of Congress and others have questioned whether expanding the scope of the Medicare GME [graduate medical education] program to include NPs and PAs could help mitigate the effects of a physician shortage. A Senate Committee on Appropriations report included a provision for GAO [Government Accountability Office] to examine the potential of making GME payments under the Medicare program for NPs and PAs. This report describes: (1) stakeholder views on the potential benefits and challenges of expanding the Medicare GME program to include NP and PA graduate training; and (2) available information on the estimated costs of NP and PA graduate training."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/