From the Document: "Afghanistan's geography, complex ethnic makeup, and recent history of unstable and decentralized government have made it a hotspot for regional armed groups. This product outlines major terrorist groups affiliated and allied with Al Qaeda (AQ) and the Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIS, ISIL, or by the Arabic acronym Da'esh) and the complex, often shifting relations between them and various other state and non-state actors. While Al Qaeda and the Taliban have fought alongside each other in Afghanistan, the Taliban is not an affiliate of Al Qaeda and has not been assessed as a threat to the U.S. homeland, and thus is considered only peripherally here. This product provides context for lawmakers as they assess the state of the conflict in Afghanistan and the U.S. position in the region in light of ongoing U.S.-Taliban negotiations focused largely on counterterrorism concerns."
CRS In Focus, IF10604
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/