Contemporary Chemical Weapons Use in Syria and Iraq by the Assad Regime and the Islamic State [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Foreword: "[T]his monograph [...] focuses on the chemical weapons programs of the Assad regime and the Islamic State (IS) and their subsequent use of these weapons on the battlefield [...] The monograph contains an introduction into the subject matter, provides an overview of the chemical warfare capabilities of the Assad regime and the IS, addresses their contemporary use of chemical weapons in Syria and Iraq, and highlights the ensuing lessons learned. It then offers nine U.S. Army policy and planning considerations for those instances when the Landpower force may be engaging in operations against actors armed with chemical weapons or subsequently operating in environments contaminated by chemical weapons. It does so by providing interlinking inferences that span the tactical through the operational into the strategic levels of analysis related to a subject fraught with missing and partial information and ongoing disinformation campaigns by the perpetrators and their allies of said chemical weapons use."
Federal Depository Library Program Electronic Collection Archive: https://permanent.fdlp.gov/