Military Construction: Authorities, Process, and Frequently Asked Questions [Updated November 26, 2019] [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Introduction: "The military missions of Department of Defense (DOD) and Military Department (MILDEP) units, offices, and other organizations drive requirements for facilities and supporting infrastructure at any given military installation. As missions change, or as organizations move to or away from an installation, new facilities and supporting infrastructure may need to be built or disposed of to match mission requirements. Similarly, as buildings age or become obsolete, facilities and supporting infrastructure may need to be replaced, reconfigured, or otherwise modernized to meet mission needs. [...] This report describes and explains the end-to-end MILCON [military construction] process by which DOD and the Congress act together to build military facilities, beginning with the requirement for a facility, and ending with a completed structure. Additionally, this report provides answers to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the MILCON process and other associated programs and processes. Examples of relevant MILCON documentation are contained within."
CRS Report for Congress, R44710
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/