Airports: Information on Prices for Aviation Services and FAA's Oversight of Grant Requirements, Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, House of Representatives [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Document: "Since 2007, the FAA [Federal Aviation Administration] has provided more than $37 billion in grants to airports to fund capital development and is responsible for ensuring compliance with requirements airports assume when they accept these grants. One such requirement is that the airports provide users equal access to airport services such as fueling and parking. Recently, an industry group and pilots raised concerns about the transparency and reasonableness of prices charged for these and other services at airports. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to examine FBOs' [Fixed base operators] pricing and FAA's oversight of related airport grant assurances. This report examines: (1) the transparency of FBO prices, (2) the factors that influence prices, and (3) the extent to which FAA ensures compliance with federal airport grant assurances related to FBO activities. GAO analyzed FAA data related to complaints from 2013 through 2018 and reviewed relevant literature, key laws and regulations, and program documentation. GAO developed a statistical model to analyze variation in fuel prices across airports in the contiguous United States. GAO interviewed FAA compliance staff at headquarters and all regional offices, as well as a non-probability selection of stakeholders."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/