Are Rights a Reality? Evaluating Federal Civil Rights Enforcement: 2019 Statutory Enforcement Report [open pdf - 7MB]
From the Executive Summary: "Many times over our 62-year existence, the Commission has examined effectiveness of civil rights enforcement among federal agencies. Congress charges the federal government with enforcing civil rights under the U.S. Constitution, as well as federal civil rights statutes such as the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1964, and subsequent civil rights statutes such as the Voting Rights Act, the Fair Housing Act, Section 794 of the Rehabilitation Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972, the Age Discrimination Act, and many others. These laws provide federal protections from discrimination on the bases of race, color, religion or conscience, national origin, sex, disability, age, and several other protected characteristics in a broad range of areas including employment, housing, voting, education, and public accommodations. Congress and federal agencies established civil rights offices at the agencies to enforce these civil rights and ensure compliance."
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: https://www.usccr.gov/