Applicability of Federal Requirements to Selected Health Coverage Arrangements [November 13, 2019] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Summary: "Federal health insurance requirements generally apply to health plans sold in the private health insurance market in the United States (i.e., individual coverage, small- and large-group coverage, and self-insured plans). However, not all private health coverage arrangements comply with these requirements. This includes 'exempted health coverage arrangements and noncompliant health coverage arrangements', as termed for purposes of this report. This report identifies and describes arrangements in these two categories. It is intended to help congressional policymakers better understand the scope of such arrangements available to individuals in the United States and to provide information about the limits of the application of federal health insurance requirements."
CRS Report for Congress, R46003
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/