From the Document: "Burkina Faso has become a stark symbol of worsening security trends in West Africa's Sahel region, due to an armed conflict that began in 2016. Islamist insurgents-- some of whom have ties to the conflict in neighboring Mali, and to Al Qaeda and the Islamic State--have asserted control over parts of the country and carried out several large attacks in the capital. State security forces and tacitly state-backed militia groups have been accused of severe human rights abuses during counterterrorism operations, including torture and extrajudicial killings."
CRS In Focus, IF10434
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/