From the Document: "The number of foreign students in the United States pursuing postsecondary degrees in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines has increased steadily in recent years. This increase has drawn attention from lawmakers interested in potential effects on institutions of higher education (IHEs), the U.S. workforce, economic competitiveness, immigration, and national security. The global economy increasingly relies on the skills learned in the STEM disciplines. U.S. IHEs play an important role in training U.S. citizens and foreign nationals in these disciplines. Foreign students are attracted to U.S. IHEs for their quality of education and the prestige that comes with a U.S. degree. American colleges and universities strive to attract top international students to pursue and obtain STEM degrees at the undergraduate and graduate levels in order to remain globally competitive and draw additional tuition revenue, as foreign students typically pay full cost of tuition and do not receive financial aid. This In Focus provides an overview of the trends in foreign student enrollment in STEM programs at U.S. IHEs, as well as the pathways that students may take to remain in the United States legally after graduation."
CRS In Focus, IF11347
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/