'In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001': Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) [Updated May 17, 2016] [open pdf - 996KB]
From the Document: "'In re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001', is a consolidated case that includes, among other claims, claims against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, several Saudi princes, a Saudi banker, and a Saudi charity. Plaintiffs argued that these Saudi defendants played a 'critical role' in the September 11 attacks by giving money to Muslim groups, which in turn funded Al Qaeda. In August 2008, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed dismissals of the claims against the Saudi defendants. However, part of the reasoning for the dismissals was later overturned, and the plaintiffs were permitted a second chance to bring their suit against the Saudi government and government-owned charity. This effort also failed on sovereign immunity grounds at the district court, however, and is once again on appeal at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. This report explains the legal bases for the dismissals and provides an update to the status of the case. To address some issues involving the interpretation of the FSIA [Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act], among other related matters, Congress is considering the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act (S. 2040, H.R. 3815). This report addresses relevant legislative developments in its final section."
CRS Report for Congress, RL34726
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/