From the Executive Summary: "Few natural hazards threaten more loss of life, economic disruption, and social disorder than large-scale disease outbreaks. [...] The high death count and social disruption are not the only costs associated with pandemics; the financial and economic damages are also devastating. [...] . By contrast, upgrading countries' preparedness is relatively inexpensive and affordable [...]. Besides its cost effectiveness, investing in pandemic preparedness contributes to poverty alleviation, especially because infectious diseases tend to [affect] poor people disproportionately more than others. To succeed will require a multipronged effort to persuade policy makers and communities to take measures of the political economy, cultural environment, and embrace a 'One Health' approach which recognizes human health as connected to that of animal health and the environment requiring multisectoral engagement when mobilizing and allocating resources."
World Bank Group
World Health Organization: https://www.who.int/