Assessment of the Presence of Sewage in the Mill River Under Low-Flow Conditions, Springfield, Massachusetts, 2010-11 [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Abstract: "The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection Senator William X. Wall Experiment Station, assessed the presence of 14 commonly used human-health pharmaceutical compounds, fecal indicator bacteria, and other man-made compounds indicative of the presence of human sewage in the lower reach of the Mill River near its confluence with the Connecticut River in Springfield, Massachusetts. The study was part of the Tri-State Connecticut River Targeted Watershed Initiative and involved the collection and analysis of raw river water at three sites along the reach, extending from Watershops Pond to the mouth, over the course of a low-flow period, July through November 2010. Previous studies in the region indicated that nonpoint or undocumented sources of wastewater contributed a variety of organic contaminants and potentially harmful bacteria to rivers under both high- and low-flow conditions. Additional samples, including a raw sewage sample collected near a Mill River combined sewer overflow during a non-overflow period, were collected in March 2011."
Scientific Investigations Report 2019-5027
U.S. Geological Survey: https://www.usgs.gov/