Venezuela: International Efforts to Resolve the Political Crisis [Updated September 11, 2019] [open pdf - 418KB]
From the Background: "The international community remains divided over how to respond to the political crisis in Venezuela. The United States and 54 other countries have formally recognized the interim government of Juan Guaidó, who Venezuela's democratically elected National Assembly named president in January 2019. These countries have placed pressure on authoritarian leader Nicolás Maduro, in power since 2013, to leave office and allow a political transition to occur. Other countries, such as China, Cuba, Nicaragua, and Russia, have provided diplomatic, financial, and military support to Maduro and sought to block anti-Maduro actions within international organizations. A third group of countries, including Mexico, Norway, Uruguay, and some Caribbean nations, has remained neutral in the crisis. These international dynamics appear to have contributed to a political stalemate in Venezuela, even as conditions within the country have deteriorated."
CRS In Focus, IF11216
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/