First Step Act: Best Practices for Academic and Vocational Education for Offenders [open pdf - 429KB]
From the Introduction: "The American criminal justice system currently holds almost 2.3 million people in 1,719 state prisons, 122 federal prisons, 1,772 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,163 local jails, and 80 Indian Country jails as well as in military prisons, immigration detention facilities, residential reentry facilities, civil commitment centers, state psychiatric hospitals, and prisons in the U.S. territories. At year-end 2016, more than 4.5 million adults were under probation and parole. Most individuals in custody, close to 95 percent, will be released and some will reenter the criminal justice system. A nine-year longitudinal study of 401,288 adult state prisoners released in 2005 conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics found high rates of recidivism nationwide over time. [...] This analysis highlights the critical nature of offender reentry and the pressing need to prepare offenders for release. As offenders reenter society, American communities will need to be able to provide the resources and support necessary to help steer these individuals away from returning to a life of crime."
NCJ 253056; National Criminal Justice 253056
National Institute of Justice: https://nij.ojp.gov/