From the Overview: "Floods are the most common natural disaster in the United States (Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2019). The Medina River in Bandera County, Texas, is in the Edwards Plateau (fig. 1) (Hill, 1901), where high-intensity rain rates and steep terrain frequently contribute to severe flash flooding capable of causing loss of life and property. For example, the July 5, 2002, flood claimed a total of 12 lives in the central Texas area (National Weather Service, 2019a). The estimated peak discharge during this flood at U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamflow-gaging station 08178880 Medina River at Bandera, Tex. (hereinafter 'Bandera station'), was 159,000 cubic feet per second (corresponding to a stage or gage height of 38.91 feet), causing significant flooding in Bandera near Mud Creek (fig. 2) and farther downstream (fig. 3) (U.S. Geological Survey, 2018)."
Fact Sheet 2019-3043
U.S. Geological Survey: https://www.usgs.gov/