Evaluation of Occupational Exposures to Illicit Drugs During a Law Enforcement and Emergency Medical Services Response [open pdf - 530KB]
From the Background: "According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there has been a 100% increase in the rate of overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids (which includes fentanyl and its analogues) in the United States from 2015 to 2016. It is becoming more common to find illicit fentanyl and its analogues mixed with other drugs, especially cocaine. This has raised concerns about the potential for unintentional exposure to illicit drugs among law enforcement officers, fire fighter-emergency medical services (EMS) providers, and other emergency responders in the course of their work."
HHE Report No. 2018-0083-3332; Health Hazard Evaluation Report No. 2018-0083-3332
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/