Interim Report: Evaluation of Occupational Exposures to Opioids, Mental Health Symptoms, Exposure to Traumatic Events, and Job Stress in a City Fire Department [open pdf - 502KB]
From the Introduction: "In October 2017, a city in Ohio requested a health hazard evaluation (HHE) concerning possible unintentional exposure to opioids among police officers and fire fighters during first responder activities. As one part of the overall HHE request, city and fire department officials were concerned about how responding to the opioid epidemic might affect the mental health of fire fighters, who also provide emergency medical services (EMS) for the city."
HHE Report No. 2018-0015b; Health Hazard Evaluation Report No. 2018-0015b
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/