Chasing the Electronic Cigarette Dragon: Characterizing the Evolution and Impact of Design and Content [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Statement of Problem: "Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes or e-cigs), known as 'personal vaporizers' (PV) by avid users or electronic nicotine delivery devices (ENDS) by industry, have experienced a significant increase in popularity for those seeking an alternative to smoking traditional tobacco products. These products are comprised of a battery-powered atomizer and a cartridge filled with a pharmaceutical (nicotine), flavorants, and water dissolved in glycerol products. [...] The industry has evolved quickly in the last 2 years to produce devices that facilitate aerosolization of 'dry' non-glycerol-based formulations - items such as plant materials, crystalline formulations, and powders. As e-cig devices and the associated pharmaceutical products evolve, it is imperative to track their development and know how they are being promulgated. It is critical to understand how their use contributes to issues related to criminal justice and public safety concerns such as the distribution of illicit substances, toxicological episodes, and postmortem investigations."
Document Number 252921
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: https://www.ncjrs.gov/