From the Executive Summary: "The Beyond the Border (BTB) Action Plan, released in 2011, outlined joint priorities and specific initiatives for cross-border collaboration between Canada and the United States (U.S.). This partnership is focused on enhancing the coordination of multi-agency emergency management (EM) responses during binational disasters. In order to enhance cross-border Emergency Manager (EM) capabilities, interoperability and situational awareness (SA), Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) Centre for Security Science (CSS), Public Safety (PS) Canada and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) have collaborated to design the Canada-U.S. Enhanced (CAUSE) Resiliency experiment series. This series used a scenario-based approach to simulate the use of interoperable and emerging technologies during cross-border emergencies. In November 2017, the fifth experiment in the series, CAUSE V, took place in British Columbia (BC), Canada and the state of Washington (WA), U.S. This experiment provided an opportunity to test and explore a suite of emerging technologies and applications to support an interoperable cross-border response to simulated flooding and lahar flows. The objectives of this experiment were to test emerging technologies and the use of digital volunteers in supporting interoperable communications and information sharing between cross-border EM organizations."
U.S. Department of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/