Targeting Foreign Corruption and Human Rights Violators in FY2019 Consolidated Appropriations [Updated June 25, 2019] [open pdf - 452KB]
From the Introduction: "The United States maintains several foreign policy tools to target foreign corruption and human rights violators. One of these is a visa ban, provided for in Section 7031(c) of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2019 (SFOPs; P.L. 116-6; 8 U.S.C. 1182 note). Section 7031(c) requires the Secretary of State to make foreign officials and their immediate family members ineligible for U.S. entry if there is credible evidence that such individuals 'have been involved in significant corruption, including corruption related to the extraction of natural resources, or a gross violation of human rights.' A pending U.S. visa application need not exist. Section 7031(c) does not invoke the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) and states that, for the purposes of this section, decisions regarding U.S. entry eligibility are not to be considered confidential. In contrast, Section 222(f) of the INA (8 U.S.C. 1182(f))states that, in general, State Department records pertaining to the issuance or refusal of U.S. visas or permits are confidential."
CRS In Focus, IF10905
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/