Identifying Safety-Net Resources at Health Centers to Prevent Infectious Disease Transmission Resulting from the Opioid Epidemic [open html - 53KB]
From the Summary: "The impact of the opioid epidemic on infectious disease transmission is an increasingly pressing public health issue. The problem came dramatically to light in 2015 when an outbreak of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections occurred in rural Scott County, Indiana; the county, which had reported only a handful of cases in the previous decade, identified nearly 200 cases in a single year. The new infections were almost entirely found among injection drug users. Co-infection with hepatitis C was found in over 90 percent of new cases of HIV. To identify potential strategies for addressing the connections between the opioid epidemic and infectious disease transmission, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) asked the RAND Corporation to conduct this study, which examines the role of Community Health Centers (CHCs). ASPE is focusing on CHCs because they are federally supported to provide care to underserved populations and areas with high need in the United States. To focus the efforts of this exploratory project, ASPE drew on research that identified counties across the country that are at high risk for opioid-related infectious disease outbreaks, such as the one that occurred in Scott County."
2019 Rand Corporation
RAND Corporation: http://www.rand.org/