Opioid Treatment Programs and Related Federal Regulations [Updated June 12, 2019] [open pdf - 423KB]
From the Document: "The use of opioid medications to treat opioid addiction is subject to federal regulations beyond those that apply to the same medications used for other purposes (e.g., treating pain). The medications methadone and buprenorphine are both opioids; their use to treat opioid addiction is often called opioid substitution therapy, opioid replacement therapy, or opioid agonist treatment. Federally certified opioid treatment programs (OTPs)--often called methadone clinics--offer these opioid medications in addition to counseling and other services for individuals addicted to heroin or other opioids. [...] To understand how OTPs are regulated, it is helpful to have some background information about the medications used to treat opioid addiction and how each is regulated."
CRS In Focus, IF10219
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/