Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress [Updated June 5, 2019]   [open pdf - 2MB]

From the Overview: "In the past decade, there have been rapid changes to laws and policies governing the integration of certain demographic groups in the Armed Forces. Since 2009, these changes have allowed individuals who are gay to serve openly and recognized their same-sex spouses as dependents, opened submarine billets and combat assignments to women, and have modified policies relating to the service of transgender troops. While all career fields are open to women, Congress has not passed legislation that would allow or require draft registration for women. [...] This report is intended to support congressional oversight of DOD's diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity programs, policies, and management for uniformed personnel. The report starts by giving an overview of recent research on diversity and organizational management to demonstrate why organizations value diversity and what the findings on diversity suggest in a military context. The next sections outline DOD's military personnel policies, processes and organizational structure for managing diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity. Following that, the report examines how the concept of diversity and inclusion has evolved throughout the history of the Armed Forces and provides a snapshot of the current demographic composition of the military relative to the U.S. civilian population. Finally, the report addresses some of the current legislative and policy issues related to diversity in the Armed Forces."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R44321
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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