National Popular Vote (NPV) Initiative: Direct Election of the President by Interstate Compact [Updated May 9, 2019] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Summary: "The National Popular Vote (NPV) initiative proposes an agreement among the states, an interstate compact that would effectively achieve direct popular election of the President and Vice President without a constitutional amendment. [...] The NPV initiative emerged following the presidential election of 2000, in which one ticket gained an electoral vote majority, winning the presidency, but received fewer popular votes than its opponents. NPV grew out of subsequent discussions among scholars and activists about how to avoid similar outcomes in the future and to achieve direct popular election. [...] This report monitors the NPV's progress in the states and will identify and analyze further developments as warranted."
CRS Report for Congress, R43823
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/