Phosphates in Detergents and the Eutrophication of America's Waters, Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-First Congress, First Session, December 15 and 16, 1969   [open pdf - 71MB]

This document contains the December 15 and 16, 1969 hearings titled "Phosphates in Detergents and the Eutrophication of America's Waters," held before the House Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. From the opening statement of Henry S. Reuss: "America's waters are beset by myraid forms of pollution. Some are gross and visible, like raw sewage. Others are subtle and insidious, like phosphates. Phosphates fertilize the growth of vegetation in water, and lead to accelerated eutrophication and destruction of a body of water by excessive vegetation, particularly algae. Oxygen deficiency occurs as the plantlife dies and decays. Lakes become uninhabitable by valuable sport and commercial fishes. Great mats of decaying weeds and slime wash up on beaches, create stench, foul fresh water intakes, and depress lakeshore property values. Eventually the lakes turn into swamps and bogs. [...] Almost 5 billion pounds of detergents were sold in the United States last year. Most of these, except some light-duty products, contain substantial quantities of phosphates. Hence, without in any way minimizing the amount of phosphates contributed from other sources, our hearings today and tomorrow will focus on how the detergent industry can help to reduce the phosphate pollution." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Hans O. Boubeng, Jacob I. Bregman, Charles G. Bueltman, David D. Dominick, I. A. Eldib, P. H. Jones, Carl L. Klein, John R. Sheaffer, John J. Singer, Jr., Gerard A. Rohlich, and Darnell M. Whitt.

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