S. Hrg. 94: U.S. Policy Toward Southern Africa, Hearings Before the Subcommittee on African Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Ninety-Fourth Congress, First Session on Overview of U.S. Relations with Southern Africa, June 11, 13, 16; July 9, 10, 14, 23, 24, 28, and 29, 1975 [open pdf - 106MB]
This is a series of hearings on the "U.S. Policy Toward Southern Africa," held before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on African Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Relations. From the opening statement of Dick Clark: "The fundamental changes occurring in southern Africa today presents unique challenges and opportunities for U.S. foreign policy. In Angola and Mozambique, the struggle for independence was in many ways a struggle between the East and the West, and between the former colonies of Africa and the former colonial powers. Portugal was a member of NATO, and the United states provided it with economic and military assistance all during the colonial wars. At the same time, China and the Soviet Union--as well as the independent nations of Africa--assisted those people who will soon govern Angola and Mozambique in their fight for independence." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: E.F. Andrews, Alfonso Arenales, Norman Bailey, Gerald J. Bender, William B. Buffum, Goler Teal Butcher, Temple G. Cole, Dennis E. Conroy, Jennifer Davis, Robert C. Good, Thomas H. Henriksen, Jean Herskovits, George M. Houser, John E. Hutchinson, Allen F. Isaacman, Willard R. Johnson, Elizabeth S. Landis, Edgar Lockwood, John Arthur Mareum, Donald McHenry, Edward Mulcahy, Edwin S. Munger, Jordan Ngubane, James H. Noyes, Robert I. Rotberg, Leonard M. Thompson, and Douglas L. Wheeler.
S. Hrg. 94; Senate Hearing 94
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